Acute prostatitis and effective treatment methods

The prostate gland or prostate is one of the most important male organs, which has a significant impact on the functioning of the genitourinary system. Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate, it can be acute and chronic. Acute prostatitis is an infectious and inflammatory pathology, which is accompanied by a purulent lesion of the gland.

groin pain in acute prostatitis

The disease is characterized by impaired erectile function and fertility, the appearance of urination problems and pain. Since the disease is very common, all men of reproductive age and old age are advised to familiarize themselves with its symptoms. Signs of acute prostatitis in a patient are a reason to contact an andrologist as soon as possible.

Causes of acute prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is an infectious disease that affects all men over the age of 30. Inflammation of the prostate can also occur against the background of congestion of the gland, but this is typical for patients of mature age, in particular, over the age of 50-60.

Various microorganisms can provoke an inflammatory process: bacteria, fungi, protozoa. The most common pathogens are the following microorganisms:

  • chlamydia;
  • ureaplasma;
  • trichomonas;
  • gonococci;
  • streptococci;
  • enterococci;
  • coli;
  • klebsiella;
  • bacillus of tuberculosis;
  • fungi of the genus Candida, etc.

Infection can occur in various ways, in most cases prostatitis occurs against the background of urethritis, cystitis. Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the gland from neighboring tissues and cause inflammation. Additionally, the infection can spread through the bloodstream with tonsillitis, sinusitis, and even tooth decay.

doctor's appointment for acute prostatitis

Of course, not all patients with tooth decay or urethritis subsequently suffer from acute prostatitis. There are a number of provoking factors that increase the risk of an inflammatory process in the prostate:

  • passive lifestyle;
  • avitaminosis, monotonous nutrition;
  • weak immunity;
  • interruption of sexual intercourse, a rare sex life;
  • excessive sexual activity;
  • abuse of alcohol and smoking;
  • hypothermia;
  • varicose veins of the small pelvis;
  • chronic constipation;
  • chronic overwork, lack of sleep, stress.

If a man leads an unhealthy lifestyle, the likelihood of any inflammatory processes increases significantly, because a weakened body is unable to fight the infection on its own.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis

Acute prostatitis in men is divided into several stages:

  • catarrhal - damage to the mucous membrane;
  • follicular - damage to the follicles in the lobules of the prostate with accumulation of pus;
  • parenchymal - multiple lesions of the prostatic lobules with profuse suppuration;
  • abscess - the formation of a large abscess.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis will depend on the stage of the disease. The more neglected the case, the more pronounced the symptoms and the greater the risk of complications.

Acute catarrhal prostatitis is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • aching pain in the perineum;
  • frequent urination;
  • slight increase in body temperature.

Acute follicular prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • dull, but quite pronounced pain that radiates to the penis, anus;
  • possible urinary retention, characteristic severe cramps when urinating;
  • constipation due to painful bowel movements;
  • elevated body temperature, signs of intoxication;
  • urine may appear cloudy.

Signs of acute parenchymal prostatitis and prostate abscess:

  • Severe shooting pain that radiates to the rectum, penis, lower back, perineum.
  • Constipation, bloating.
  • Urinary retention.
  • Very high temperature 39-39. 5 degrees.
  • Nausea, headache, weakness, lack of appetite, chills.

Parenchymal prostatitis is a very serious disease. A prostate abscess is accompanied by the merging of the abscesses into a whole with a possible breakthrough in the rectum, urethra, scrotum, or perineum. If no measures are taken at this stage of the disease, sepsis and death occur.

Treatment of acute prostatitis in men with drugs

Treatment of acute prostatitis is complex, but the basis is antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antifungal and antiviral drugs. The choice of drugs is made by the doctor after examining the patient, depending on the type of pathogen identified.

doctor who treats acute prostatitis

It is worth noting that antibiotics are always prescribed, even if prostatitis is not bacterial, because with such a pathology there is a risk of a bacterial infection with subsequent suppuration.

For the treatment of acute prostatitis in men, various groups of antibiotics are used, in particular penicillins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, cephalosporins, less often tetracyclines.

You need to understand that it is very difficult to choose an antibiotic on your own, without being a specialist doctor. If you choose the wrong drug and treatment regimen, the patient will ease the disease only for a while and provoke the emergence of bacterial immunity to the drug. As a result, the treatment of acute prostatitis will be delayed and will require another course of antibiotics, which is highly undesirable, since all drugs have side effects.

In the treatment of acute prostatitis, the patient must comply with bed rest. In the initial stage of the pathology, outpatient treatment is possible if the patient is treated. When suppuration requires mandatory hospitalization.

In case of urinary retention, a catheter will be placed. With the formation of abscesses, an opening and cleaning of the gland from pus is performed, drainage is established. After stopping the acute process, physiotherapy, taking vitamins and immunomodulators are indicated.

Folk remedies for acute prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is not a disease that should be treated with folk remedies, especially without the knowledge of a doctor. If the patient decides to rewarm the bacterial inflammation, the bacteria will begin to multiply even faster, which will lead to the formation of an abscess and the need for surgery.

folk remedies for acute prostatitis

Some folk recipes can be used to strengthen general immunity, but only with the permission of a doctor and in complex therapy. Examples of such funds:

  • Rosehip decoction to saturate the body with vitamins and antioxidants;
  • Chamomile tea to calm, sleep well, in addition chamomile has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.
  • The use of freshly squeezed fruit and vegetable juices to activate the immune system.

Traditional healers when treating acute prostatitis recommend eating light, low-fat foods so as not to burden the diseased body. The use of spicy, salty and sweet causes increased pain due to irritation of the excretory system.

Since acute prostatitis causes constipation, it is necessary to eat more fresh fruits, they contain fiber, which dilutes the stool. At the same time it is necessary to reduce the consumption of products based on flour, cereals, in particular rice, products with a high starch content.

Consequences of acute prostatitis in men

Acute prostatitis is a very insidious disease that can cause a number of serious complications. Even if the patient begins treatment early in the disease, there is always a risk of chronic prostatitis. Especially if a man continues to lead an unhealthy lifestyle.

Performing acute forms of prostatitis causes the following complications:

  • Prostate abscess with opening of abscesses, blood poisoning and death. This pathology may require the removal of the prostate.
  • Prostate sclerosis, that is, the formation of scars against the background of a prolonged inflammatory process. It leads to the fact that the gland generally ceases to function.
  • Stones in the prostate that cause congestion in the gland.
  • Prostate cyst. It causes an increase in the body, it can be torn.
  • Inflammatory processes of the seminal vesicles, seminal tubercle, as a result, the formation of adhesions in the vas deferens.
  • Infertility.
  • Impotence and various types of erectile dysfunction.

Complications can be avoided by taking preventive measures.

Prevention of acute prostatitis in men

To prevent acute inflammation of the prostate, the following recommendations should be followed:

  • eat a varied diet, try to eat healthy foods;
  • give up alcohol, drugs and smoking;
  • dress according to the weather, do not overcool and do not overheat;
  • strengthen immunity;
  • avoid spontaneous sexual intercourse, protect yourself with a condom;
  • having a regular sex life, but avoiding excessive sexual activity;
  • to avoid stagnant processes in the small pelvis, do exercises every day, lead an active lifestyle;
  • do not take antibiotics and other medicines without a prescription;
  • undergo an annual examination by an andrologist.

A healthy lifestyle and correct behavior are the best preventive measures for most acquired diseases, especially those of an infectious nature.

Conclusion

Acute prostatitis is a formidable disease. If a person wants not only to maintain male power for the next few years, but also to prevent chronic pain, reduced urination, he should think about measures to prevent acute prostatitis from a young age. And if there is pain in the pelvis, be sure to get examined and undergo a course of treatment prescribed by a doctor.